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Glossary and Abbreviations


Anandamide
See Arachidonoyl ethanolamide.

Arachidonoyl ethanolamide (AEA), or anandamide
An endocannabinoid—an endogenous fatty acid neurotransmitter that binds to cannabinoid receptors on brain cells.

Cannabichromene (CBC)
A cannabinoid.

Cannabichromevarin (CBCV)
A cannabinoid.

Broad spectrum
Cannabis extracts that don’t contain THC but do include cannabinoids and terpenes.

Cannabidiol (CBD)
One of two most prevalent phytocannabinoids. Products made from hemp-derived CBD, because they have less than 0.3% THC and are nonintoxicating, are legal. CBD is believed to be helpful in the treatment of a range of conditions such as anxiety and pain.

Cannabidivarin (CBDV)
A cannabinoid.

Cannabigerol (CBG)
A cannabinoid.

Cannabigerovarin acid (CBGV)
A cannabinoid.

Cannabinoids
Chemical compounds in cannabis that produce different physiological responses by acting upon the body’s cannabinoid receptors. The two key cannabinoids are THC and CBD.

Cannabinoid-1 receptor (CB1)
One of two main cannabis receptors in the body.

Cannabinoid-2 receptor (CB2)
One of two main cannabis receptors in the body.

Cannabis
The genus of the plant family Cannabaceae that includes the species Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis.

Caryophyllene
One of the common terpenes.

CBD oil
An extract of CBD mixed with a carrier oil. See full spectrum, broad spectrum, and isolates.

Concentrates
Highly potent masses of cannabis created by dissolving the plant form of marijuana into a solvent. They’re used in forms such as tinctures, capsules, hash, and oils.

Dabbing
Inhaling a dose of cannabis concentrate that’s been applied to a hot surface.

Endocannabinoids
Endogenous cannabinoids, neurochemicals in the nervous system.

Entourage effect
The result of many compounds in cannabis—cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids—acting synergistically to maximize the therapeutic effect.

Flowers
The reproductive organs of female cannabis plants that are harvested and dried and used for recreational and medical purposes.

Full spectrum
The entire range of components in the cannabis plant, such as cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. Products including this full range of components.

Hemp
A subspecies of the Cannabis sativa plant that contains less than 0.3% THC by dry weight. It’s typically used for industrial purposes. A fiber produced from the hemp plant. 

Humulene
One of the common terpenes.

Isolates

 

Limonene
One of the common terpenes.

Linalool
One of the common terpenes.

Marijuana
Cannabis varieties containing more than 0.3% THC by dry weight, which induce intoxicating effects. 

Myrcene
One of the common terpenes.

Microdose
A very small dose used to determine the effect cannabis will have and direct dosing.

Phytocannabinoids
Exogenous cannabinoids. They’re synthesized by plants and engage with the body’s cannabinoid receptors to produce various physiological effects. Of more than 100 known phytocannabinoids, THC and CBD are the most prominent.

Pinene
One of the common terpenes.

Strain
A variety of a species of cannabis cultivated to produce particular effects.

Terpenes
A class of hydrocarbons in essential oils and resins and abundant in cannabis, providing unique aromas and physiological effects.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
One of the most abundant cannabinoids in marijuana plants. It’s the compound that produces intoxicating effects of cannabis.

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)
A cannabinoid.

Tincture

A solution of cannabis, usually made with alcohol or glycerol and delivered through a dropper under the tongue.

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